John of Giscala

(fl. 1st cent.)
   Palestinian fighter, leader of the revolt against Rome (66-70). He was born in Giscala. He conducted retaliatory raids against the Syrians after they had destroyed his native city. In 66 when Josephus arrived as commander in Galilee, a controversy arose between the two military leaders: John suspected Josephus of disloyalty and advocated his removal. After Galilee was conquered by Vespasian, John fled to Jerusalem. He took control of the Temple from the Zealots, who subsequently fought under his command during Titus' siege. He was later captured by the Romans, sentenced to life imprisonment, and died in a Roman prison.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • John of Giscala — (Yohanan me Gush Halav) ( he. יוחנן מגוש חלב) or Johannes ben Levi (birth date unknown; death date after 70), was a leader of the Jewish revolt against the Romans in the First Jewish Roman War.The Romans attacked Gush Halav, John s home town in… …   Wikipedia

  • JOHN OF GISCALA — (Johanan ben Levi), a leader of the revolt against Rome (66–70 C.E.). John was a native of giscala (Gush Ḥalav) in Galilee. Little is known of him before the war. When the inhabitants of Tyre, Gadara, and others sacked and burned his native town …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • John of Giscala — (Middle of 1st century AD)    A leader of the Jewish revolt. When Judea flared into revolt against Roman rule in AD 66, one of the insurgent leaders in the Galilee was Jochanan ben Levi, who came from Giscala (Gush Halav), near Lake Tiberias. He… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • GISCALA — (Gush Halav; Heb. גּוּשׁ חָלָב), ancient Jewish city in Upper Galilee, today the Christian Arab village of al Jish, 5 mi. (c. 8 km.) N.W. of Safed. According to the Mishnah, the acropolis of Gush Ḥalav was surrounded by a wall built in the time… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ZEALOTS AND SICARII — Introduction This article deals not only with the group of fighters for the freedom of Israel known from josephus as the Zealots, but includes in its survey other groups with similar aims, particularly the Sicarii. Judea differed from the other… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BAR GIORA, SIMEON — BAR GIORA, SIMEON, Jewish military leader in the war against Rome (66–70 C.E.). Simeon was born, according to Josephus, in gerasa , a large Hellenistic city in Transjordan, where the Jews lived in peace with the city s non Jewish population. Some …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jerusalem (Before A.D. 71) — • This article deals with the destruction by the Romans after it had become the scene of the Redemption Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Jerusalem (Before A.D. 71)     Jerusalem (Before A.D. 71) …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • TITUS, FLAVIUS VESPASIANUS° — TITUS, FLAVIUS VESPASIANUS,° emperor of Rome, 79–81 C.E., destroyer of the Second temple in 70. Titus was the son of vespasian and accompanied him to Judea when he was appointed by nero to suppress the uprising there (66). Arriving in Judea with… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Simon Bar Giora — (alternatively known as Simeon Bar Giora or Simon Ben Giora or Shimon Bar Giora) was a leader of the Sicarii faction during the First Jewish Roman War in the 1st century Judea. History In the year 68 (the third year of the revolt), four Jewish… …   Wikipedia

  • First Jewish–Roman War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=First Jewish Roman War partof=the Jewish Roman wars caption=Judea in the first century date=66;73 place=Judea result=Roman victory combatant1=Roman Empire combatant2=Jews of Iudaea Province commander1=Vespasian …   Wikipedia

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